Java Frameworks for Modern Web And Apps Development

As of 2022, Java remains one of the most demanding and popular programming languages, outperforming all others and wisely maintaining its position. It includes a large ecosystem and over 9 million Java programmers globally. In this article we will discuss various Frameworks for Java which we can use for Web and App development.

Table of contents:

  • Introduction
  • What are Java frameworks? 
  • Best 10 Java Frameworks
  • Conclusion


The All-Star Java provides countless applications for Android, cloud computing, Big Data, and Machine Learning initiatives; however, when it comes to Web development, Java is indeed the wisest option for developers of all skill levels.

Java spring is still a reliable language that, once taken in conjunction with a framework, will provide great solutions for every domain, including e-commerce, banking, cloud computing, finance, big data, the stock market, information technology, and others.

Several Java frameworks in the industry, though not all, provide enough perfect options for each project. As a result, developers must choose the appropriate Java frameworks for web application development initiatives. Today we’ll look at the 10 best Java frameworks that are primarily used in web and app development.

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Java Frameworks:

The obvious response to “what would be a Java Framework?” is: It is a variety of pre-written code which gives the developers a privilege to add their strict code of ethics. Probably to create personalized solutions to problems. The finest Java frameworks have been thoroughly tested and started enforcing their use of ideal coding practices. They allow you to concentrate on the business logic of your apps rather than writing basic functionality like database connections or exception handling.

A Java framework is a platform for building software applications and Java programs that is precise to the Java programming language.

As such, making a choice among them is more like a matter of taste. As a result, it’s essential to comprehend how well these Java frameworks compare and integrate with one another.

The best 10 java frameworks are listed below:

1. Spring

Spring | Home

Spring, one of the most well-known Java frameworks, tends to come with certain basic necessities that cover all of the fundamentals of app development. There are countless reasons businesses should select “Spring” as their app development platform. Spring enables developers to build flexible modules in which correlations are managed by the framework instead of the libraries inside the code. This is an open-source framework for business applications. Due to the obvious IOC-inversion of the core component of this Java framework, users don’t ever give up control of your framework when using Spring.

Spring Framework is among the most widely used, high-quality, lightweight software application frameworks designed for Java software design, development, and deployment.


  • Spring is able to work with XML configurations.
  • JDBC connections can be established by Spring.
  • We can start Web Applications with no need for a Web Server.
  • Spring can test the application as well as ensure backward compatibility.

2. Hibernate

Most developers are drawn to Hibernate for its reliability and communication capabilities. Hibernate is a framework that assists you in overcoming Java’s mismatch issues. It strives for tenacity, which also means that the data generated/used by the application should outlive the process that generated it. Hibernate traces Java classes directly to database tables and conversely.

Whereas Hibernate was designed for relational databases, the latest versions also encourage NoSQL datastores. Hibernate adds an abstraction layer to the code, allowing it to be sparsely coupled only with the database. Hibernate handles things like constructing a database connection and performing CRUD operations, so developers don’t have to implement them, attempting to make the code self-reliant on the database used.


  • Hibernate boosts productivity and reliability.
  • Hibernate supports persistence APIs.
  • The ORM in Hibernate enables the communication between the application and any database.
  • Hibernate lessens duplication by using the JDBC API.

3. Struts

Apache Strutsとは - IT用語辞典 e-Words

The Apache Struts java framework for web applications is yet another latest progress java application framework. It’s one of the frameworks that utilize the JSP API extension and adheres to the component-based MVC (Model-View-Controller) model. In a conventional servlet-JSP strategy, when a user submits a form with his information, the data is routed to a servlet for computation or the authority is passed to the next JSP. Struts differentiate the View, Controller, and Model (data) and offer the linkage among them via the struts-config.xml configuration file.

This indicates that you could utilize new technologies, including new JavaScript frameworks or Java web frameworks, to improve the capabilities of your Java applications.


  • Struts shorten the entire development time.
  • Struts aid in the management of applications.
  • It supports XML files for centralized configuration.
  • Struts is a framework for developing MVC-based applications.

4. Wicket

If you’ve previously worked with JSP, the learning curve will be a piece of cake. A straightforward Java web framework, Wicket’s main feature is its POJO model, in which elements are simple (Plain Old) Java Objects with OOP features. Wicket does have a component-oriented structure, and you only have to understand Java and HTML to get started. There will be no XMLs or configuration files!

Such elements are packaged as reusable packs that include images, buttons, forms, links, pages, containers, behaviours, and other elements that developers can customize.

Wicket is lightweight and allows you to create applications quickly. It is also simple to unit test the Wicket code.


  • Wicket is built on JSP, which makes it possible to use for programmers.
  • Wicket has a component-oriented design.
  • It does not require complicated XML files.

5. GWT ( Google web toolkit):

One of the main qualities of GWT would be that it helps to convert Java code into JavaScript code – that is, browser-specific code. GWT Google web toolkit has been solidly built and rich in features with all types of internet applications that use Google APIs. We could even try writing and developing competent web applications in very little time with such an open-source set of tools. You can seamlessly connect an existing codebase with GWT because it is compliant with the Eclipse IDE, Maven, and Junit.


  • GWT is capable of creating and maintaining complex JavaScript applications.
  • For traditional web development tasks, GWT allows for code reuse.
  • Cross-Browser portability is possible with GWT.
  • GWT is extremely user-friendly for developers.
  • For the convenience of development, GWT supports a range of APIs.

6. Vaadin

Vaadin 8, the new version of the Java framework for web applications and  its features • Viafirma's Blog

Vaadin is a flagship model as well as a system where programmers can implement HTML5 web UIs using Java. It is a cross-platform JavaScript framework that allows you to bundle native mobile applications, web apps, and sometimes even desktop apps with just a single codebase. Vaadin Flow handles routing and client-server interaction.

Vaadin Flow includes a high-level Java API for managing all of your app’s technical aspects, such as automatic server-client communication, WebSockets, and data binding. Because Flow runs on the JVM, you can access the entire Java ecosystem. Another aspect of Vaadin that contributes to your developer app’s overall success is data visualization.


  • Using only a web socket, it can automatically build client-server communication.
  • Vaadin includes a router with nested routes as well as parameter support.
  • Vaadin has a significant advantage in that it supports JVM.
  • It also includes Spring Framework support by default.

7. Tapestry

Tapestry - Reviews, Pros & Cons | Companies using Tapestry

Tapestry seems to be an element of the Java framework for building scalable web applications. It is unique architecturally comparable to Jakarta Server Faces and the Wicket framework due to its emphasis on reusable components. This appears to be working on every container or application server because it is constructed on the rich Java Servlet API. Tapestry is a real Object-oriented framework because HTML pages are created using pure HTML templates or simple Java classes (objects).

Tapestry scales well on single servers as well as server clusters. Tapestry-built apps load quickly in the browser because it adheres to best practices such as client-side caching, assistance for concurrent threads, JavaScript accumulation and compression, incorporated GZip content compression, and far more.


  • Tapestry code is simple to integrate with back-end frameworks such as Spring, Hibernate, and others.
  • Unlike the other frameworks, this one adapts to the code rather than the other way around.
  • Tapestry has a low application downtime.

8. Dropwizard

Another Java framework that lives up to its name: is wizard. Because it provides support for enhanced configurations, logging, application metrics, and much more, you can build RESTful web applications that are fast, stable, and dependable. It provides extensive support for complex configurations and allows you to finish your app as quickly as possible. It is a one-of-a-kind framework that includes extremely useful integrated libraries such as Guava, Jetty, Jersey, Metrics, and Jackson for all security, configuration, and performance-related tasks.

As a developer, everything you can do is build your business logic since there are interconnected libraries for all configuration, protection, and performance-related tasks.


  • Dropwizard allows you to create MicroServices.
  • Dropwizard facilitates fast application prototyping.
  • The Quick Project BootStrap is available in Dropwizard.
  • Dropwizard is simple to use.
  • Dropwizard supports both open-source and third-party libraries.

9. Grails

Getting Started with Grails Java Framework | Engineering Education (EngEd)  Program | Section

Grails would be a web application framework written in the Apache Groovy programming language. It is indeed a framework that uses the coding-by-convention method and offers a stand-alone environment. Grails also allows, for instance, growth with no configuration required. It starts by providing markup views from which HTML code can be generated. JSON and XML are also affected. Grails can constantly create plugins for the Groove language, allowing you to improve your apps for free.

If we use grails, we realize how simple it is to gain knowledge of a full-stack development framework which can easily assist java developers in developing java programmes. The best part is merging your current Java code with Grails.


  • Grails are used to build the majority of e-commerce websites.
  • Grails has the least amount of documentation.
  • Customized plugins and cross-platform IDE support are available in Grails.
  • For ease of development, Grails includes an Object-Mapping feature.
  • For effectiveness, Grails allows code reusability.

10. Blade

Blade: Elegant Java Web Development Framework | Bypeople

The blade is a lightweight and lightning-fast framework for developing web applications and providing innovative user interfaces. During the establishment of the Maven project sections, web developers might very well find the whole of their tasks. It is a Java framework with performance-packed MVC architecture. The Blade is widely used for developing full-stack web applications, and the Blade runs Java Version 8.

Blade Java Framework functions similarly to React Native framework, but it is simpler and more resilient. Its web application server is very useful in keeping the web development interface interesting and the environment light.


  • Blade is used for Cross-Site Scripting in Defense support (XSS).
  • It is also capable of Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF).
  • Blade is skilled at developing miniature MVC applications.
  • Blade allows you to configure multiple files.
  • Plugin extensions and Web JARs are supported by Blade.


As each of the above frameworks serves a different purpose, it is critical to understand their benefits, drawbacks, and capabilities before deciding on one or more for your specific Java project. A suitable Java framework will allow you to meet your specific requirements and provide you with a high level of flexibility, effectiveness, and safety.

Technology advances at an alarming rate, and you must keep up with something like a fast-growth framework. Choose your Java framework wisely if you want to take advantage of Java’s capabilities. I hope the above list is of assistance to you.

Guest Author Bio:

Meravath Raju is a Digital Marketer, and a passionate writer, who is working with MindMajix, a top global online training provider. He also holds in-depth knowledge of IT and demanding technologies such as Business Intelligence, Salesforce, Cybersecurity, Software Testing, QA, Data analytics, Project Management and ERP tools, etc.

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